Different Flooring Materials for home construction

Flooring is the first thing that attracts someone’s attention. Floors add charm and beauty to your living space. Nowadays you have countless options in flooring for your home. Picking flooring can be a difficult task so you should have to do a little research on different kinds of flooring, their costs, and benefits. It is important to fix good flooring materials to the living space. Good quality flooring materials will last for a decade.

Flooring materials Options

The homeowners mostly think of selecting marbles or tiles for flooring. However, there are various options available in the market. Each one has its own merits when it comes to cost, durability, and benefits. Here are some flooring materials that add a fascinating look for your living space.

Ceramic Tiles

Ceramic tiles are the most commonly used tiles for flooring because of its high durability and resistance to scratching. Ceramic tiles are made up of clay, minerals, and water. They are porous so they are fired and glazed. Ceramic tiles have a natural and earthy look. They are less expensive compared to other tiles.

Ceramic tiles are available in various styles, shapes, and colors. They are of four types – glazed ceramic, porcelain, quarry tile, and terracotta. Though these tiles are used for indoor and outdoor flooring, they are mostly laid in bathrooms and kitchen due to its low maintenance. 

Vitrified Tiles

Vitrified tiles are made up of a mixture of clay and other minerals like silica, quartz, and feldspar. These tiles are easier to install and does need polishing after fixing. Vitrified tiles are stain-resistant and moisture resistant, so they prevent bacteria and fungi from growing. Because of their moisture-resistant characteristics, they can be used in wet areas. The color of the tile doesn’t fade when the sunlight strikes on it. Polished vitrified tiles are used for flooring in bedrooms and drawing rooms because of its smooth surface.


Granites are natural stone. They are preferred in countertops in kitchens and also in wet areas since they cannot be damaged soon. People choose granite for flooring because of its high durability. These are made during natural volcanic processes that comprise different minerals and temperature so they are available in a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes. It is a heavy material; A square foot granite tile with a 75-inch depth weighs about 12.8 pounds.

Italian Marble

Italian Marbles gives a high-class look to the home and these are wonderful materials that will enhance the beauty of any room. Italian Marbles are resistant to fungus and mold and also floor cleaning is easy. If you do floor re-polishing after 20 years, you will get a brand new flooring surface and the recurring expenses can be eliminated. 


Wood is mostly preferred for the construction of traditional homes in Kerala. It gives a special elegance to the living space and nothing can replace its charm and elegance. Wood is a very eco-friendly material and has high durability. There are homes that are centuries old, but their wooden flooring doesn’t have damages. Moreover, Wooden flooring will provide healthy indoor air quality.

Flooring Finishes

Floor finishing is the last step after all the flooring activities. There are so many popular finishes available like glossy, matte, Rustin, satin-matte, lapato, and sugar. 

  • Glossy Tiles: They are shiny and reflective and are used in smaller rooms because of their beautiful silken finish. Glossy tiles are used in the walls of kitchens and bathrooms because of their slippery nature.
  • Matte Tiles: Matte tiles are used in outdoor areas because of its slip-resistant characteristics. 
  • Satin Mattin, Lapato and Sugar are the new trends in the floor finishing technique. These are non-slippery and have similar properties of glossy and matte.

Flooring is not an easy task; you can’t just choose any of the flooring options. A floor type that works best for one room could not be suitable for another room. So you should have to take a detailed study regarding various kinds of flooring and about their costs and benefits. Through this, you will get the best floor that suits your home.

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