What makes a building strong and safe is its foundation. It’s a well-known fact that living space or home should be able to withstand natural calamities such as earthquakes, floods & strong winds. Building a home without the right base will ultimately lead to risking your life for some trivial profits.
Why a strong foundation?
Every home should have a strong foundation that can withstand dead loads & live loads. The weight that a building exerts on its foundation, which stays constant without its occupants, is termed dead load. When the inhabitants move in along with their furnishings & utilities to the building or home, the extra load that’s get exerted on the building is referred to as live loads.
A house should be able to withstand natural calamities and climate changes. A strong foundation resists movement of materials involved in building a foundation. This also gives insulation against cold, heat and other climatic variations.
Soil quality is a major factor while building a foundation. The soil should be compact enough to hold the entire weight of the building, regardless of the number of floors it might have. A good foundation should prevent ground moisture from seeping into the underneath of structure, which might weaken and form cracks. It would be wise to customize & ensure durability while constructing a building on shaky grounds or slopes.
It is always better to go for opinions from structural engineers or construction experts to decide on what type of foundation, you should go for while building your dream project?
Techniques & facts to look for;
Piling is one of the techniques to strengthen marshy areas and it also helps in hardening loosely bonded soil & grains. Building a column footing foundation using concrete or brickwork, can be a cost-effective way, instead of Piling. Strong basement could be developed using concrete reinforced with steel, giving it extra durability.
One should not build a house or structure on shifting soil unless it is made stable using engineering techniques. The height of the road should be taken into consideration while digging for basement construction. This will help in protecting the house from any potential flood situations.
Rubble Stone Foundations can work perfectly on some soil types. The stones used for the foundation should be packed very tightly, with minimum or no spaces in between. This technique is dry packing. The whole floor should be constructed using cement rather than any kind of sand. This strengthens the entire structure.
Spaces should be provided for under-ground pipes. A framework with these spaces makes the construction of the foundation easier.
With these many factors to take care of, it is always good not to compromise on the strength of the foundation you build for your home or any living spaces or structures.
A strong foundation ensures durability & provides quality to your home, making it long-lasting with the right maintenance.